The questions must be completely answered based on the material presented in the text on DNA biology and technology, and
human evolution. Outside sources can be used but the proper response must coincide with the material in the text. You will need to
copy and paste the questions in to a Word or other word processing document.
1. Name the correct complimentary base pairings in DNA. (5 pt)
2. What does the term semiconservative mean as it relates to DNA replication? (.5 pt)
3. What is the complimentary base paired strand for DNA replication for the sequence GCATGACAT?
4. Name the four types of RNA and briefly describe the function of each.
5. What is the genetic code chart?
6. Transcription happens in the
and forms a
copy of the DNA sequence. (fill in the blank)
7. What are the three required steps of translation?
8. During transcription, if the DNA sequence is GATCTAGAC what would the mRNA strand sequence be? (.5 pt)
9. During translation, if the mRNA strand had the sequence GAUCUGUAC what would the complimentary base pairings be?
10. What are the amino acids that correspond to the following codons: CUA UGC GU AAA
11. What would happen if the sequence in the mRNA was not complimentary base paired correctly from the sequence in the DNA? (hint** there is a mutation in the sequence being
used for protein synthesis)
12. Define recombinant DNA technology (5 pt)
13. Give three positive results/uses of transgenic organisms
14. What is comparative genomics? (5 pt)
15. The number of actual functional genes found in humans is estimated to be what?
16. What is xenotransplantation? (.5 pt)
17. What is the difference between Ex Vivo and In Vivo gene therapy?
18. Name two of the main gasses found in the primitive atmosphere and where did they come from?
19. What is the difference between a protocell and true cell?
20. What is an adaptation? (.5 pt)
21. What is a transitional fossil and why are they important?
22. What are homologous structures? Give an example as well as a definition.
23. What are the critical elements in natural selection?
24. What are the three domains of life? Include an example from each domain.
25. What is the significance of a molecular clock? (.5 pt)
26. Fossils classified as Homo are classified as such with regard to which features?
27. What is the most significant finding in the evolution of Australopithecines?
28. What are the two major pieces of evidence for common descent discovered by Darwin?
29. What are the six major anatomical differences in humans and chimpanzees which relates that humans walk upright? (2 pts total)



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