(a) What is the role of symbolic logic in mental representations? Consider at least two areas of cognition
(b) What is the evidence for or against logical or symbolic representations? Consider both empirical, data-based evidence, and evidence based on a priori arguments, as appropriate.
(c) It is often argued that the existence of logical representations in cognition, or other kinds of symbolic mental representations more generally, is not easily reconciled with what we know about how information is represented at the neural level.
-Do you agree with this view? Regardless of your position, it is clear that we do not fully understand how to implement many kinds of representations proposed by cognitive scientists.
-Is that primarily a problem for cognitive science or neuroscience? That is, should neuroscientists be looking for candidate substrates that could implement the representations cognitive scientists currently believe are the best way to describe cognition? Or should cognitive scientists be working on alternative representations that are consistent with what neuroscientists currently believe about principles of neural coding and information processing? Justify your answer on some principled grounds, not just personal taste.
Do you know of any successful examples of either of these approaches to research, in cognitive science or neuroscience? Any notable failures?



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