T‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍he Basic Task: Compare the nullification theory of punishment (Anderson) with either Mabbott’s theory of punishment or Armstrong’s theory of punishment. On balance, which theory do you think is better theory of the ideal basis for punishment? Provide arguments in support of your conclusion. You should also identify potential weaknesses in the position that you support and explains what makes that position nevertheless superior in some way to the other considered. You may use either arguments we developed in class or which were developed in the readings, or construct your own arguments. You are FORBIDDEN to use arguments based on materials from outside this course. Paper Requirements 1. The paper must be 1,250-1,750 words in length. 2. The paper must be submitted online (via Canvas). 3. You must submit your work in .doc or .docx format. 4. Your paper should be type-written, double-spaced and in Verdana 11-point font. In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, type your full name, “Final Paper,” and “Philosophy 1301.” Make sure that your name and the page number appear in a footer on every page. Do not make a separate cover page. 5. The paper must be written in accord with the conventions of Standard Written English. Your paper will be evaluated in part in terms of spelling, grammar, and overall structure. 6. Write primarily in sentences of your own construction. Simply using quotations from a text won’t do it. If you are interpreting a text, once you have made your point or your argument or explanation in your own words, quote and cite the relevant text to show that what you have written is consistent with the views of that author whose views you are drawing on or critiquing, respectively. Sentence-by-sentence paraphrasing, what I call “lazy paraphrasing,” is never appropriate. If you are going to quote, then quote; if you are not, then you should properly construct your own sentences. Moreover, if such “paraphrasing” comes without an appropriate citation, it is plagiarism. 7. When using materials used in this course to inform your thoughts and ideas, but NOT directly quoting them, you do NOT have to give a citation. 8. When quoting from materials used in this course, provide a citation for each such quotation at the point in your paper where it appears. For materials from this course, you only need to provide the title of the relevant document and the page(s) from which the quoted material comes. Remember: You MUST provide page numbers in your citations! If you fail to do these things—if you, for instance, simply put a bibliography of sources at the end of the paper—you will fail this course for plagiarism. 9. You do not need to provide a bibliography if you use only sources from this course. only the materials from this course to write your paper. Do NOT use outside sources. item 10 in these instructions indicates, you are NOT to use outside sources. However, in the event that you violate this rule and use outside sources, then you must provide citations to these sources for any information or ideas that you draw from them at each point in your paper where yo‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍u make use of any such information or ideas, with specific citation to the relevant pages of the source materials. Obviously, it is also the case that when quoting such a source, you must provide a citation for each such quotation at the point in your paper where it appears, with specific citation to the relevant pages of the source materials. Citations should be in either the MLA or Chicago Manual of Style formats, and as such must give full bibliographical information for your sources in either a “works cited” (MLA) or bibliographical footnotes (Chicago). 12. Your paper should follow the traditional essay format consisting of the following: a. An opening paragraph wherein you briefly explain what you will do in the body of the paper. (Do not load this with a lot of fluff.) b. The body of the paper wherein you carry out the substance of your analysis (., address the assigned topic). c. A concluding paragraph wherein you review and draw together what you have done in the body of the paper. (Do not load this with a lot of fluff.) not assume that the reader of your paper is familiar with what has been read or discussed in this class. You should write as if you are addressing your paper to a reasonably intelligent adult who has no prior familiarity with the relevant ethical and philosophical concepts. As such, you should make every effort to explain the ideas you discuss and the quotations you use in straightforward language that generally conveys meaning to your reader. You should explain any technical or philosophical term that you use in your paper. At the point in the paper where you define or explain such a term, put that term in bold font. I should be able to immediately locate your explanation or definition of each such term in your paper—., because it is in bold font. I will not be obliged to find each of these items in your paper and give you credit for it if you have not followed this instruction. NOT put any questions in your paper. This includes a prohibition against any rhetorical questions. Write in declarative sentences. Note that one cannot get past this requirement by grafting a question onto the end of what starts out as a declarative sentence and then ending this string of words with a period. For example, “John is wrong about what Bill said because how could he know.” out the assigned task clearly, precisely, concisely, and completely. Do not write: fluff; BS; clichés; platitudes; empty generalizations; irrelevant expressions of feeling; unsupported fact claims; off-point digressions; self-aggrandizing statements—including affirmations as to how deeply moral one is; self-congratulatory statements; flattery aimed at the instructor; empty rhetoric; purple prose; one’s general views about life, religion, ethics … or whatever; and so on. about this assignment from a grading standpoint: I am trying to elicit from you a demonstration that you learned the relevant concepts and principles (., as we learned them in this course) and how to apply them. That is the basis for the assessment and grading of this assignment. I am interested in how you make your case, not‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍ which side of the issue you come down on.


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